Geography in the Middle School helps students to:
- understand what the subject of geography is about
- recognize basic human and physical geographic patterns and mechanisms
- identify how geography is present in our lives
- view the world in spatial terms
The grade 6 Social Studies program is divided into two parts: history and geography, which allows students to focus on each discipline for half the year. In the history course, students learn about the main characteristics of North American First Nation cultures, including the close relationship of the First Nation peoples with the natural environment. They investigate the motivating factors for early European exploration and the prevailing attitudes of the explorers. They also examine the positive and negative effects of interactions between European and First Nation peoples, from first Viking contact to the time of permanent European settlement in the early seventeenth century.
In the geography course, students learn about Canada and its links to the world. After developing a deeper understanding of the cultural, physical, and economic diversity of each Canadian province, students will then compare it to the United States and other regions of the world. The comparisons are conducted through various research methods including mapping skills, investigating current events, researching tourist destinations, and studying the physical features of the countries. Students will then build upon the knowledge they have gained and learn about world trade and Canada’s global influences.
To develop a solid foundation of the knowledge and skills required in geography, students in grade 7 are introduced to the concepts and methods of geographic inquiry. The grade 7 geography curriculum also focuses on physical patterns and how they affect human activity. Students recognize patterns as an essential concept in geography. As well, students examine the various ways resources are used and the environmental implications of their use. Students demonstrate an understanding of the impact technology has on natural resources.
Grade 8 Human Geography will complement the skills and knowledge acquired in the grade 7 Physical Geography course. Students continue to learn how human activities are affected by geographic physical patterns, while examining current global patterns in human geography. The curriculum also focuses on economic systems and the economic relationship between Canada and the global community, as well as the major types of migration and distribution of wealth. This course prepares students with both concepts and skills for intermediate and senior level geographic courses.